Collectivization and industrialization in november 1927, joseph stalin launched his “revolution from above” by setting two extraordinary goals for soviet domestic policy: rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture. In november 1927, joseph stalin launched his “revolution from above” by setting two extraordinary goals for soviet domestic policy: rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture.
Extract from a drama-documentary using magnetogorsk as an example of stalin's wider 5 year plans. Yet, after autumn 1930 collectivisation was resumed and by the end of 1931 50% of peasants worked on a collective farm the law of seven eighths this was passed on 7th august 1932 and made any theft of grain from a collective farm a crime punishable by 10 years in a gulag.
The anticipated surplus was to pay for industrialization collectivization was further expected to free many peasants for industrial work in the cities and to enable the party to extend its political dominance over the remaining peasantry stalin focused particular hostility on the wealthier peasants, or kulaks. Industrialisation of russia was an important step in the development of the ussr, industrialisation occurred in varying forms under both lenin and stalin, the two great individuals at the helm of communist russia.
Stalin used both collectivisation and industrialisation to consolidate power in russia during the 1930s both policies allowed him to gain control over the economy, and to discredit or eliminate his rivals within the communist party without these programs, there could have been no totalitarian rule in russia.
Russia’s cities were not equipped for the rapid urban growth that accompanied industrialisation in the early 1800s only two russian cities (st petersburg and moscow) contained more than 100,000 residents by 1910 there were twelve cities of this size. Industrialization was the main component of stalin’s revolution all the leaders of the bolshevik revolution understood the inherent problem in starting a communist revolution in russia: the country was not sufficiently capitalist to become socialist, and subsequently, communist.
Collectivization had been encouraged since the revolution, but in 1928, only about one percent of farm land was collectivized, and despite efforts to encourage and coerce collectivization, the rather optimistic first five-year plan only forecast 15 percent of farms to be run collectively. Soviet russia’s industrialisation was a pivotal episode in the 20th century, and economic historians have spent decades debating the role of stalin’s policies in bringing it about this column argues that stalin’s industrialisation was disastrous even in purely economic terms.
Both, industrialisation as well as collectivisation were two polices introduced by stalin with the aim of modernising the ussr although these did aim to improve the way the ussr ran and improve living conditions these both processes had their negative impacts.