When applied to the sociological study of religion by such theorists as émile durkheim, structural functionalism views religion as a functional entity within society.
Asses the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalists views of the role and functions of religions in contemporary society the functionalist perspective on religion is that religion contributes to the fulfilment of social order and stability within society.
Religion, he argued, was an expression of social cohesion religion, for durkheim, is not imaginary, although he does deprive it of what many believers find essential religion is very real it is an expression of society itself, and indeed, there is no society that does not have religion.
Assess the functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individuals (33 marks) for functionalists, society is a system of interrelated parts known as institutions, such as religion, the family and the economy each institution performs certain functions- each contributes to maintaining the social system by meeting a need. The functionalist perspective (functionalism) is a major theoretical perspective in sociology, focusing on the macro-level of social structure media, education, and religion according to functionalism, an institution only exists because it serves a vital role in the functioning of society if it no longer serves a role, an institution. Religion, in functionalist view, exists to promote social order and solidarity functionalists argue that religion plays an essential role in creating value consensus and regulating society for durkheim (1915), sacred things, which can evoke deep feelings of awe, fear and wonder, are fundamental in all religions.
Asses the functionalist view that religion benefits both society as a whole and its individual members 33marks the functionalist view of religion stems from durkheim who said that society is like the human body. Functionalist theory functionalists view religion in a positive way they see religion to play the function of maintaining harmony and social cohesion functionalism is a value consensus theory and so functionalists see religion as a positive apparatus in society which promotes social solidarity and allows society to run smoothly.
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