There are several sociological perspectives and they all have different ideas and theories about class and inequality, including marxist (karl marx a conflict theory) and functionalist (emile durkheim, robert merton a structural consensus theory) in this essay i will show the different theories of social class from these two perspectives.
Moreover, because stratification is functional, it follows that it must be a permanent, inevitable and necessary fact of the way any society is constructed functionalist theories three consensus theories offer a critical view of conflict theories of inequality.
We will write a custom essay sample on social stratification essay specifically for you for only $1638 $139/page the functionalist theory of stratification is more relevant systems of social stratification global stratification a functionalist view of stratification functionalist and marxist theories of stratification gender. Most important theories of social stratification which use in every society are given below: i marxian theory of social stratification: marxian perspective provides a radical alterative to functionalist perspective of the nature of social stratification.
Functionalist theory of stratification given by davis and moore’s: functionalists like talcott parsons, kingsley davis and we moore regard stratification as a necessary structure in each society. The functionalist theory of stratification is more relevant according to haralambus and holborn, stratification is referred to as a particular form of social inequality that is, the presence of distinct groups which are ranked one above the other in terms of factors such as prestige and wealth. Functionalist theories state that education meets the needs of the industrial society as well as the cultural society and has the important role of socialising the individual to fit into, and continue, the social system.
More specifically, while functionalist theory might help account for the emergence of stratification as social groups begin to experience increasing social differentiation, over the long term there are specific actions that groups take to either retain their positions of social advantage and power or to challenge emerging social inequalities.
Essay on functionalism conflict theory and symbolic interaction functionalism conflict theory and symbolic interaction the functionalist thoery can be traced to a movement in the late nineteenth-century under the influences of darwinism on the biological and social sciences.
The functionalist theory of stratification is more relevant in the caribbean, the functionalist theory of stratification is more relevant than the marxist theory because in the caribbean you plantocracy. The functionalist view of stratification essay examples 1819 words 8 pages functionalism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the ways in which a complex pattern of social structures and arrangements contributes to social order.